Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than intra-group members (P<0.05). The mean number of intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were greatest in the winter (13.33+or-1.89 and 32.25+or- 4.43 per season per dog respectively) and late monsoon (12.33+or-1.99 and 27.75+or-2.01 per season per dog), when the females were lactating and in oestrus, respectively. Dominance hierarchies were established among the adult dogs of either sex, based on aggressive encounters. Although individual differences in agonism were observed, overall levels of aggression were higher among the adult females than the other groups. Overall levels of submission were higher among the juvenile males than the other groups.
|Publication Title||Applied Animal Behaviour Science|
|Author Address||Katwa Bharati Bhaban, Katwa, Burdwan, West Bengal, 713130, India.|
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