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Agonistic behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to season, sex and age

By S. K. Pal, B. Ghosh, S. Roy

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Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than intra-group members (P<0.05). The mean number of intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were greatest in the winter (13.33+or-1.89 and 32.25+or- 4.43 per season per dog respectively) and late monsoon (12.33+or-1.99 and 27.75+or-2.01 per season per dog), when the females were lactating and in oestrus, respectively. Dominance hierarchies were established among the adult dogs of either sex, based on aggressive encounters. Although individual differences in agonism were observed, overall levels of aggression were higher among the adult females than the other groups. Overall levels of submission were higher among the juvenile males than the other groups.

Date 1998
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 59
Issue 4
Pages 331-348
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Language English
Author Address Katwa Bharati Bhaban, Katwa, Burdwan, West Bengal, 713130, India.
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Age
  2. Aggression
  3. Agonistic behavior
  4. Animal behavior
  5. Animal reproduction
  6. Asia
  7. Breeding
  8. Commonwealth of Nations
  9. Developed countries
  10. Dogs
  11. Estrous cycle
  12. India
  13. Lactation
  14. Mammals
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. seasons
  17. Sex
  18. sex differences
  19. West Bengal
  1. peer-reviewed