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Inter- and intra-sexual behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris )

By S. K. Pal, B. Ghosh, S. Roy

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Abstract

During March 1994 to February 1997 the sexual behaviour of a total of 292 free-ranging dogs was observed weekly in the town of Katwa in West Bengal. Of all resident females, 20 oestrus females were studied as focal animals. The number of males which courted a female ranged from 6 to 28 (mean 13.27 for first oestrus bitches and 14.57 for older bitches). There was a positive correlation between the number of males associated with a particular oestrous bitch and the duration of each association (0.767, P<0.05). All courting males (n = 277) attempted to mount oestrus bitches but only 159 successfully copulated (144 young adults and 15 old adults). Mounting rate was higher for old than young males (mean 31.73 and 9.68 respectively; P<0.05) but a higher proportion of young than old adults copulated successfully (42 and 20%). Most females showed mating preferences and allowed some males to mount readily while avoiding and attacking other males; however, non-preferred dominant males were observed to mate forcibly. There was a negative correlation between the number of males present in an association and the number of successful copulators (-0.993, P<0.05). Occasionally, copulations were performed by opportunist males after being present only a short time. The majority (74

Date 1999
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 62
Issue 2/3
Pages 267-278
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
DOI 10.1016/S0168-1591(98)00220-2
Language English
Author Address Katwa Bharati Bhaban, Katwa, Burdwan, West Bengal 713130, India.
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Tags
  1. Age
  2. Animal behavior
  3. Animal reproduction
  4. Asia
  5. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  6. Bitches
  7. Carnivores
  8. Coitus
  9. Commonwealth of Nations
  10. Copulation
  11. Developed countries
  12. Dogs
  13. Females
  14. Feral animals
  15. India
  16. Mammals
  17. Mating behavior
  18. peer-reviewed
  19. West Bengal
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  1. peer-reviewed