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Human-related disturbance risk and distance to cover affect use of montane pastures by Pyrenean chamois

By D. Pepin, F. Lamerenx, H. Chadelaud, J. Recarte

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Abstract

The influence of a hiking trail and the edge of a surrounding beech forest on the diurnal habitat use patterns of the Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) was studied within montane pastures of a protected area during a mild winter. Habitat selection significantly increased as the distance from these two landscape features increased, a greater range of variation being found for the trail. To test their combined influence, 7 non-overlapping sectors were delineated. The most avoided sector was <100 m from both the trail and the forest and the most selected part was located between 200 and 300 m from the trail and >100 m from the forest, where the mean group size peaked at 18. The negative influence of the edge of the beech forest was counterbalanced when Pyrenean chamois were at a distance >300 m from the trail, the number of groups there being the highest.

Date 1995
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 46
Issue 3/4
Pages 217-228
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Language English
Author Address Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Institut de Recherche sur les Grands Mammiferes, C.R.A. Toulouse, BP 27, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan Cedex, France.
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal nutrition
  3. Antelopes
  4. Developed countries
  5. Europe
  6. Feeding behavior
  7. France
  8. Grasslands and rangelands
  9. Grazing
  10. Mammals
  11. Mediterranean region
  12. OECD countries
  13. pastures
  14. Pasturing
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. Stress
  17. Wild animals
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  1. peer-reviewed