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Use of space in a non-naturalistic environment by chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) and lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )

By S. R. Ross, K. E. Lukas

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Abstract

Chimpanzees and gorillas are the two most common species of great ape in captive facilities in North America. This study examined patterns of space use by 14 gorillas and six chimpanzees housed in similar non-naturalistic environments at Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago, IL. The location of each individual was recorded in relation to elements of the environment over a two-year period. These data were compared to volumetric measurements of the enclosures to determine "preferences" for particular environmental elements. Chimpanzees preferred the highest tier of the enclosure and the gorillas preferred the floor level. Both species showed preferences for doorways, corners and the mesh barriers adjacent to keeper areas. These data supplement data from wild populations of apes and provide information useful for those seeking to design new ape enclosures or renovate existing facilities.

Date 2006
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 96
Issue 1/2
Pages 143-152
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Language English
Author Address Lincoln Park Zoo, 2001 North Clark St., Chicago, IL 60614, USA. ross@lpzoo.org kel@clevelandmetroparks.com
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal housing
  3. Animal rights
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Chimpanzees
  6. Corn
  7. Developed countries
  8. Gorillas
  9. Great ape
  10. Illinois
  11. Mammals
  12. North America
  13. OECD countries
  14. peer-reviewed
  15. preferences
  16. Primates
  17. space
  18. United States of America
  19. Zoo and captive wild animals
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed