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Effect of solar radiation on dairy cattle behaviour, use of shade and body temperature in a pasture-based system

By C. B. Tucker, A. R. Rogers, K. E. Schutz

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Abstract

Our aim was to understand how protection from solar radiation influenced the behaviour and physiology of Holstein Friesian dairy cattle. We compared the behaviour and body temperature of pastured dairy cattle kept in 1 of 4 treatments: no shade or free access to shade that blocked either 25, 50 or 99% of solar radiation (n=3 groups per treatment, 3 animals/group). Within each group, cows were categorized as predominantly black, black and white or white in colour (n=1 of each coat colour per group). Shade use increased with higher levels of protection from solar radiation (total shade use, 25

Date 2008
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 109
Issue 2/4
Pages 141-154
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2007.03.015
Language English
Author Address Rumen, Nutrition & Welfare, AgResearch Ltd., Hamilton, New Zealand.cbtucker@ucdavis.edu
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal physiology
  3. Animal rights
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Body temperature
  6. Cattle
  7. Dairy animals
  8. Grazing
  9. Heat stress
  10. Humidity
  11. Mammals
  12. pastures
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. physiology
  15. radiation
  16. shade
  17. sunlight
  18. wind
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  1. peer-reviewed