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Value pluralism and coherentist justification of ethical advice. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)

By E. M. Forsberg

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Abstract

Liberal societies are characterized in terms of a fundamental value pluralism, i.e., respect for individuals' rights to live by their own concept of what is good. Still, the state must make decisions that give privilege to some values at the expense of others. When public ethics committees give substantial ethical advice on policy related issues, it is therefore important that this advice is well justified. The use of explicit tools for ethical assessment can contribute to justifying the advice. This article discusses one approach to ethical assessment, the ethical matrix method. This method is a variant of intuitionist balancing. Intuitionism is characterized by stressing the existence of several (at least two) fundamental prima facie moral principles, between which there is no given rank order. For some intuitionist approaches, coherentism has been proposed as a model of justification. This article also discusses the justification of ethical advice and evaluate the appropriateness of coherentism as a justificatory approach to intuitionist tools.

Date 2007
Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 20
Issue 1
Pages 81-97
ISBN/ISSN 1187-7863
DOI 10.1007/s10806-006-9017-6
Language English
Author Address The National Committees for Research Ethics, P.O. Box 522 Sentrum, 0105 Oslo, Norway. ellen-marie.forsberg@etikkom.no
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Tags
  1. Accountability
  2. Choice
  3. Decision making
  4. Ethics
  5. Field crops
  6. Flowers
  7. Genetically engineered plants
  8. Genetically modified organisms
  9. Genetic engineering
  10. peer-reviewed
  11. Plants
  12. rape
  13. rapeseed
  14. Social psychology and social anthropology
  15. social values
  16. Societies
  17. Sweden
  18. transgenics
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed