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Intensive livestock farming: global trends, increased environmental concerns, and ethical solutions

By R. C. Ilea

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Abstract

By 2050, global livestock production is expected to double - growing faster than any other agricultural sub-sector - with most of this increase taking place in the developing world. As the United Nation's four-hundred-page report, Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options, documents, livestock production is now one of three most significant contributors to environmental problems, leading to increased greenhouse gas emissions, land degradation, water pollution, and increased health problems. The paper draws on the UN report as well as a flurry of other recently published studies in order to demonstrate the effect of intensive livestock production on global warming and on people's health. The paper's goal is to outline the problems caused by intensive livestock farming and analyze a number of possible solutions, including legislative changes and stricter regulations, community mobilizing, and consumers choosing to decrease their demand for animal products.

Date 2009
Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 22
Issue 2
Pages 153-167
ISBN/ISSN 1187-7863
DOI 10.1007/s10806-008-9136-3
Language English
Author Address Philosophy Department, Pacific University, 2043 College Way, Forest Grove, OR 97116, USA. ramona.ilea@pacificu.edu
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Tags
  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal husbandry
  3. Animal production
  4. Climate
  5. Environment
  6. Ethics
  7. Global warming
  8. Laws and regulations
  9. Legislation
  10. Livestock farming
  11. Meteorology
  12. natural resources
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. pollution
  15. regulations
  16. rules
  17. Social psychology and social anthropology
  18. trends
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  1. peer-reviewed