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Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Fo

By A. L. Raoult-Wack, N. Bricas

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Abstract

After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a "headlong pursuit." In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and disparities, environmental degradation, and globalization of trade, new priorities have emerged, and new ethical questions have been raised, mainly related to sustainability and equity. This paper analyses these ethical concerns. It examines whether the model of food sector development initiated by the industrialized countries be applied to the entire world on a sustainable and equitable basis, given the effects of this development with regard to: the energy consumed; the changes in dietary behaviour and related nutritional problems; the new demands in terms of food safety; the questions of biodiversity; ownership of knowledge; cultural identities; gender issues; and man's relationship to food and nature.

Date 2002
Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 15
Issue 3
Pages 325-334
ISBN/ISSN 1187-7863
DOI 10.1023/A:1015722320982
Language English
Author Address CIRAD, TA 179/04, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. anne-lucie.wack@cirad.fr nicolas.bricas@cirad.fr
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Tags
  1. Biodiversity
  2. Contamination
  3. Countries
  4. Culture
  5. Demand
  6. Developed countries
  7. Economics
  8. Energy
  9. Ethics
  10. Food economics
  11. Food industry
  12. Food production
  13. Food safety
  14. Gender
  15. Knowledge
  16. Nutrition
  17. peer-reviewed
  18. Social psychology and social anthropology
  19. sustainability
  20. technical progress
  21. Third World
  22. trends
  23. Underdeveloped Countries
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  1. peer-reviewed