The Green Revolution in India which was heralded in the 1960s was a mixed blessing. Ambitious use of agrochemicals boosted food production but also destroyed the agricultural ecosystem. Of late, Indian farmers and agricultural scientists have realized this and are anxious to find alternatives (perhaps a non-chemical agriculture) and have even revived their age-old traditional techniques of natural farming. Scientists are working to find economically cheaper and ecologically safer alternatives to agrochemicals. Blue-Green Algae Biofertilizers, Earthworm Vermicomposts (Vermiculture), biological control of pests and herbal biopesticides are showing promise. Saline agriculture and sewage farming are also being promoted in India to augment food production in the face of water scarcity. There is a move to search for alternative foods, which are more nutritious, cheaper and have shorter harvest cycles. Farm and food policy in India has to change its outlook before there can be a second green revolution.
|Publication Title||Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics|
|Author Address||Indira Gandhi Centre for Human Ecology, Environment and Population Studies, University of Rajastham, Jaipur 302004, India.|
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