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Welfare evaluations of nonhuman animals in selected zoos in the Philippines

By R. R. Almazan, R. P. Rubio, G. Agoramoorthy

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This study evaluated 3 zoos in the Philippines: the Wildlife Rescue Center and Mini Zoo, Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, and Cavite Botanical and Zoological Park to determine the standards of nonhuman animal welfare. The study measured and compared the cage sizes of various animals to the international minimum standards. According to the categories of management and husbandry, the 3 zoos showed a significant difference on the mean scores of ranking. The Wildlife Rescue Center and Mini Zoo ranked first, followed by Manila Zoo and Cavite Zoo. Although most cages in the 3 zoos followed acceptable minimum standards, the study identified several problems related to animal welfare, hygiene, husbandry, and management. Based on the evaluations, the study recommended that the 3 zoos improve animal welfare standards.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 8
Issue 1
Pages 59-68
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1207/s15327604jaws0801_5
Language English
Author Address University of the Philippines, Los Banos, Laguna,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal husbandry
  2. Animal rights
  3. Animal welfare
  4. ASEAN Countries
  5. Asia
  6. Cages
  7. Developing countries
  8. Gardens
  9. Hygiene
  10. peer-reviewed
  11. Philippines
  12. standards
  13. Zoo and captive wild animals
  14. Zoos
  1. peer-reviewed