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The use of dogs in medical and veterinary training: understanding and approaching student uneasiness

By A. Arluke

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Abstract

Although the educational use of dogs, both live and cadaverous, has declined in recent years in medical and veterinary schools, the practice still continues. The use of live dogs in U.S. medical education has dropped sharply during the last two decades. At present, the majority of such schools (68%) do not use any live animals in pharmacology, physiology, or surgery courses. The use of dogs in veterinary schools has not declined as precipitously; only two schools offer a dog laboratory-free curriculum. Research documents or suggests substantial uneasiness among medical and veterinary students when using dogs who either are already dead or are killed as part of their training and education. It is important to explore why this distress occurs and how students cope with it. Armed with this background, several recommendations can be made regarding the future use of dogs in these settings and how medical and veterinary schools can best approach this problem.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 7
Issue 3
Pages 197-204
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1207/s15327604jaws0703_6
Language English
Author Address Department of Sociology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.a.arluke@neu.edu
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Tags
  1. Animal rights
  2. Animals
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Canidae
  5. Canine
  6. Carnivores
  7. Classroom
  8. Developed countries
  9. Dogs
  10. Education
  11. Instruction
  12. Mammals
  13. Medical education
  14. Medical sciences
  15. Medical students
  16. Medication
  17. North America
  18. OECD countries
  19. peer-reviewed
  20. Pets and companion animals
  21. teaching materials
  22. United States of America
  23. vertebrates
  24. Veterinary education
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed