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Use of enclosure space by captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos

By Mallapur Avanti, N. Waran, Sinha Anindya

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Abstract

Captive nonhuman animals use enclosure space differentially. Enclosure features strongly influence this. This study recorded both the enclosure space used by 47 captive lion-tailed macaques housed in 13 zoos across India and the behaviour of the macaques. The exhibition of abnormal behaviors, food-related behaviors, and social interactions correlated significantly with the use of the edge zone (the part of the enclosure closest to the visitor area). Animals housed in barren enclosures used the edge zone to a significantly greater percentage than did those housed in complex exhibits. Percentages of autogrooming, social interactions, and food-related behaviors significantly correlated with the use of the enrich zone. Space use studies assist in recognizing areas within the enclosure, which captive animals actively use. Conversely, the studies can identify areas infrequently used and show how to make maximum use of these enclosure areas. Further studies targeting both the increase in percentages of natural behaviors exhibited and use of the enrich zone used the current study on captive lion-tailed macaques for their design.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 8
Issue 3
Pages 175-186
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1207/s15327604jaws0803_2
Language English
Author Address Animal Behavior and Welfare Group, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Bangalore, India.avantim@yahoo.com
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal housing
  3. Animals
  4. Asia
  5. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  6. Cages
  7. Commonwealth of Nations
  8. Countries
  9. Developing countries
  10. Gardens
  11. India
  12. Macaques
  13. Madras
  14. Mammals
  15. Monkeys
  16. New Delhi
  17. peer-reviewed
  18. Primates
  19. social interactions
  20. space
  21. vertebrates
  22. Zoo and captive wild animals
  23. Zoos
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed