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Genetic engineering and other factors that might affect human-animal interactions in the research setting

By J. Comber, G. Griffin

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Abstract

Evidence exists, particularly in the welfare literature of nonhuman animals on the farm, that the interaction between nonhuman animals and the personnel who care for them can have a strong effect on the animals' behavior, productivity, and welfare. Among species commonly used for biomedical research, mice appear to be the least-preferred species in animal care facilities. A review of the literature and observations of animal care staff interacting with mice indicated that the following factors may influence this: their small size, their particular behavioral characteristics, and husbandry constraints (such as housing in ventilated racks). In addition, this study questioned whether animal care personnel have a different perception of genetically engineered animals and whether this, in turn, has an effect on their interactions with these animals. The ability to carefully observe an animal's behavior is key in carrying out an animal-wellness assessment and in minimizing pain and distress. Attention to human-animal interactions in the research setting represents an opportunity for refinement for large numbers of animals and potentially for reduction of animal use.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 10
Issue 3
Pages 267-277
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888700701354046
Language English
Author Address Canadian Council on Animal Care, 1510-130 Albert Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5G4, Canada.ggriffin@ccac.ac
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal experimentation
  3. Animal research
  4. Animal rights
  5. Animals
  6. Animal welfare
  7. Attitudes
  8. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  9. Genetic engineering
  10. Genetic manipulation
  11. Laboratory and experimental animals
  12. Laboratory animal science
  13. Laboratory personnel
  14. Mammals
  15. Mice
  16. peer-reviewed
  17. perceptions
  18. Reviews
  19. Rodents
  20. Social psychology and social anthropology
  21. vertebrates
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed