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The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus

By B. K. Gupta, Chakraborty Bipul

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In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of these animals. Between 1999 and 2001, the CZA created rescue centers for rehabilitation of lions and tigers in the off-display areas of 5 zoos: (a) Bangalore, (b) Chennai, (c) Vishakhapatnam, (d) Tirupathi, and (e) Jaipur. Today the CZA has rehabilitated 314 lions and tigers from circuses. The CZA has been meeting the expenses toward maintenance (feeding of and providing health care for) of the animals, outsourcing of staff, and maintaining enclosures. This article focuses on the mammoth work that the selected zoos had to carry out in rehabilitating the lions and tigers from the circuses.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 8
Issue 4
Pages 285-294
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1207/s15327604jaws0804_5
Language English
Author Address Central Zoo Authority, Annex VI, Bikaner House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi 110 011,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal rights
  2. Animals
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Asia
  5. Bears
  6. Carnivores
  7. Cats
  8. Commonwealth of Nations
  9. Developing countries
  10. India
  11. Leopards
  12. Lions
  13. Madras
  14. Mammals
  15. Monkeys
  16. Mysore
  17. peer-reviewed
  18. performing animals
  19. Primates
  20. tigers
  21. vertebrates
  22. Zoo and captive wild animals
  23. Zoological gardens
  24. Zoos
  1. peer-reviewed