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The impact of epizootics on livelihoods

By S. E. Heath

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Abstract

Epizootics (nonhuman animal disease epidemics) can have detrimental impacts on livelihoods through a complex interaction of demographic trends, food production, and animal disease. Differences in the rate of demographic shifts, including rates of population growth, economic growth, urbanization, environmental sustainability, and role of women in society, are strong driving forces that will determine to what extent food demand will be matched by food production capacity. Epizootics can negatively affect commerce and trade in all countries, and in low-income countries limited infrastructure and resources as well as competing priorities provide additional disincentive to controlling or eradicating animal diseases. Economic growth is critical to overcoming disparities among countries and is best supported by integrated animal health, public health, labor, and foreign policies. The adverse impacts of epizootics can be largely overcome through programs that support job growth along the value-added chain of food production and will require significant investments in science- (risk-) based education.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 11
Issue 2
Pages 98-111
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888700801946048
Language English
Author Address United States Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250, USA.sebastian.heath@comcast.net
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Tags
  1. Animal diseases
  2. Animal health and hygiene
  3. Animal husbandry
  4. Animal rights
  5. Animals
  6. Animal welfare
  7. Costs
  8. Diseases
  9. Economics
  10. Employees
  11. Environment
  12. Food production
  13. Humans
  14. Livestock
  15. Mammals
  16. Men
  17. outbreaks
  18. peer-reviewed
  19. Primates
  20. terrorism
  21. urbanization
  22. vertebrates
  23. Women
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed