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Prediction of adoption versus euthanasia among dogs and cats in a California animal shelter

By M. Lepper, P. H. Kass, L. A. Hart

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Abstract

The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the determinants of adoption for cats and dogs from a large municipal animal shelter. The subjects were 4813 cats and 3301 dogs impounded by the Sacramento County Department of Animal Care and Regulation and offered for adoption from September 9, 1994 to May 26, 1995. The study constructed models predicting the conditional probability of adoption using logistic regression and a final multiple logistic regression model from variables found to be important predictors of adoption. Age, sex, coat colour and reason for relinquishment were major determinants of adoption in cats. Age, sex, coat colour, reason for relinquishment, breed, purebred status and injury status were major determinants of adoption in dogs. Shelter personnel could utilize this information to increase the adoption of frequently overlooked animals. Alternatively, shelters could use this to focus their resources on animals with characteristics the public prefers.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 5
Issue 1
Pages 29-42
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1207/S15327604JAWS0501_3
Language English
Author Address School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616-8746, USA.
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Tags
  1. Adoption
  2. Age
  3. Animal rights
  4. Animals
  5. Animal welfare
  6. Breed differences
  7. California
  8. Canidae
  9. Canine
  10. Carnivores
  11. Cats
  12. Developed countries
  13. Dogs
  14. Mammals
  15. North America
  16. OECD countries
  17. peer-reviewed
  18. Pets and companion animals
  19. Probability
  20. sex differences
  21. shelters
  22. United States of America
  23. vertebrates
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  1. peer-reviewed