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The role of behavioral research in the conservation of chimpanzees and gorillas

By E. V. Lonsdorf

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Abstract

Chimpanzees and gorillas are among man's closest living relatives, sharing most of the human genetic code and having many similarities to humans in anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Like humans, these apes make and use tools and have strong family bonds. Chimpanzees even show population-specific behaviors similar to those of human cultures. However, chimpanzee and gorilla populations are in dramatic decline due to bushmeat hunting, habitat loss, and the varied risks of small, isolated populations. The first step in conserving the world's ape populations in the wild is to recognize and understand the complexities of these threats. Mitigating the risks takes a deeper understanding of ape behavior. This article provides examples of how gorilla and chimpanzee behavioral studies intersect with, and are critical to, conservation efforts.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 10
Issue 1
Pages 71-78
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888700701277691
Language English
Author Address Lincoln Park Zoo's Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, 2001 North Clark Street, Chicago, IL 60614, USA.elonsdorf@lpzoo.org
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal rights
  3. Animals
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  6. Biological resources
  7. Chimpanzees
  8. Conservation
  9. Gorillas
  10. Great ape
  11. Mammals
  12. peer-reviewed
  13. Primates
  14. vertebrates
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  1. peer-reviewed