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Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

By S. T. Millman

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Abstract

Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The concept of animal welfare is consistent with the scientific method because questions are open to deductive reasoning, formation of hypotheses and predictions, and collection and analysis of empirical data. Multidisciplinary techniques used in the laboratory are helpful to understanding a whole animal response to particular situations and are especially important in interpretation of data about affective states. Epidemiological techniques can be used to identify prevalence and risk factors associated with particular animal welfare challenges in field conditions and are particularly useful for motivating change and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions intended to improve animal welfare on farms. Compromised animals who are affected by injury or illness represent a vulnerable population with unique animal welfare challenges for which laboratory and field-based studies are needed.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 12
Issue 2
Pages 88-96
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888700902719591
Language English
Author Address Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Department, 2424 Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center, Iowa State University, 1600 South 16th Street, Ames, IA 50011, USA.smillman@iastate.edu
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Tags
  1. Analysis
  2. Animal diseases
  3. Animal rights
  4. Animals
  5. Animal welfare
  6. Developed countries
  7. Efficacy
  8. Epidemiology
  9. Farms
  10. Health
  11. Incidence
  12. Interventions
  13. North America
  14. OECD countries
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. Research
  17. risk factors
  18. Studies
  19. Techniques
  20. trauma
  21. United States of America
  22. Weight
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed