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Legal space requirement stipulations for animals in the laboratory: are they adequate?

By V. Reinhardt, A. Reinhardt

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Animals in the laboratory need the legally required "empty space" to meet their basic spatial requirements for postural adjustment, but they also deserve functional-structured-space for species-typical locomotor behavior and dynamic interaction with their physical environment. Primary enclosures of these animals traditionally are unfurnished, and there is no reason to believe that the biomedical research industry will change the status quo on its own accord. Rather than counting on the professional judgment of attending veterinarians, investigators, and facility administrators, the U.S. Department of Agriculture should explicitly require primary enclosures of laboratory animals to provide not only a specific volume of space, but also species-appropriate space structured for optimal use by the confined subject.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 4
Issue 2
Pages 143-149
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1207/S15327604JAWS0402_8
Language English
Author Address Animal Welfare Institute, Washington, Dist. of Columbia, USA.
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal experimentation
  2. Animal research
  3. Animals
  4. Cages
  5. Canidae
  6. Canine
  7. Carnivores
  8. Dogs
  9. Floors
  10. Laboratory and experimental animals
  11. Laboratory animal science
  12. Mammals
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. Pets and companion animals
  15. space
  16. vertebrates
  1. peer-reviewed