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Impact of zoo visitors on the fecal cortisol levels and behavior of an endangered species: Indian blackbuck ( Antelope cervicapra L.)

By Rajagopal Thangavel, Archunan Govindaraju, Sekar Mahadevan

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Abstract

This study investigated behavioral activities (resting, moving, aggressive, social, and reproductive behavior) and fecal cortisol levels in 8 individually identified adult male blackbucks during periods of varying levels of zoo visitors (zero, low, high, and extremely high zoo visitor density). This study also elucidated whether zoo visitor density could disturb nonhuman animal welfare. This study analyzed fecal cortisol from the samples of blackbuck by radioimmunoassay and found significant differences (p

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 14
Issue 1
Pages 18-32
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2011.527598
Language English
Author Address Centre for Pheromone Technology, Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli 620 024, Tamil Nadu, India.garchu56@yahoo.co.in
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal reproduction
  3. Animal rights
  4. Animals
  5. Animal welfare
  6. Antelopes
  7. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  8. Bovidae
  9. Cortisol
  10. Endangered species
  11. Feces
  12. Hydrocortisone
  13. Immunoradiometric assay
  14. Mammals
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. radioimmunoassay
  17. Reproduction
  18. Ruminants
  19. Social behavior
  20. threatened species
  21. ungulates
  22. vertebrates
  23. Zoo and captive wild animals
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  1. peer-reviewed