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Moral and empirical dimensions of human-animal interactions in ecotourism: deepening an otherwise shallow pool of debate

By D. Fennell, A. Nowaczek

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Abstract

Although ecotourism is often theorised as a hard path and ecocentric, in the last decade such travel has softened to accommodate heightened demand in a growing number of regions, and the inclusion of other more consumptive types of activities. In light of these changes, we focus on the moral debate surrounding human-animal interactions in ecotourism, with particular attention to recreational angling and empirical studies on fish sentience. Based on these two parallel bodies of knowledge, we present a framework of Human Priorities and Actions in Recreational Interactions with Fish. This framework is a useful practical tool able to position the type of interaction (i.e. recreational angling) based on its consumptiveness and need, but also according to the broader context of a particular worldview (i.e. human-based versus nature-based) in association with four ethical characteristics.

Date 2010
Publication Title Journal of Ecotourism
Volume 9
Issue 3
Pages 239-255
ISBN/ISSN 1472-4049
DOI 10.1080/14724041003741519
Language English
Author Address Department of Tourism and Environment, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. dfennel@brocku.ca
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Tags
  1. Angling
  2. Animal rights
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Aquacultural and fisheries
  5. Aquatic organisms
  6. Ethics
  7. Fish
  8. morality
  9. Social psychology and social anthropology
  10. Sports
  11. Tourism and travel