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Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

By G. C. Miranda-de la Lama, W. S. Sepulveda, M. Villarroel, G. A. Maria

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Abstract

Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from January 2000 to December 2008. Most accidents involved pig transport (57%), followed by bovine (30%), poultry (8%), and sheep (5%). Driver mortality was not high (6%), and most accidents (76%) involved only the livestock vehicle, which often was overturned (64%) on a straight road transect (51%). Multivariate analysis of the data suggests 2 types of accidents, depending on the species transported. In the first cluster, 95.3% of the cases involved pig transport with articulated vehicles (60.5%). In the second cluster, 94.4% of the accidents involved small vehicles used for cattle transport (44.4%). The results of this study indicate that the characteristics of livestock vehicle accidents vary according to species. One of the main causes of accidents appears to be driver fatigue, which may be due to several factors such as intense workdays, poorly designed route plans, or high levels of pressure from companies.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 109-123
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2011.551622
Language English
Author Address Department of Animal Production and Food Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
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Tags
  1. Accidents
  2. Analysis
  3. Animal diseases
  4. Animal rights
  5. Animals
  6. Animal welfare
  7. Birds
  8. Bovidae
  9. Cattle
  10. Characteristics
  11. Corporations
  12. Developed countries
  13. Effect
  14. Europe
  15. Fatigue
  16. Humans
  17. Livestock
  18. Mammals
  19. Meat animals
  20. Mediterranean region
  21. Men
  22. mortality
  23. Multivariate Analysis
  24. OECD countries
  25. peer-reviewed
  26. Pigs
  27. Poultry
  28. Primates
  29. Ruminants
  30. Sheep
  31. Spain
  32. Suiformes
  33. Swine
  34. tiredness
  35. trauma
  36. ungulates
  37. vertebrates
  38. Wool producing animals
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed