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Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

By R. J. Snyder, B. M. Perdue, D. M. Powell, D. L. Forthman, M. A. Bloomsmith, T. L. Maple

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Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress responses. An extensive literature exists concerning the animal welfare implications of road transportation for farm and laboratory animals. There has, however, been little focus on the effects of air transportation on wild animals in captivity. Because many endangered species are transported by air for breeding purposes, it is especially important to study the effects of stress on these species. This study investigated the behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting 4 giant pandas (2 male-female pairs) by air from China to the United States. An autoregressive test revealed that urinary cortisol measures were highest for 2 subjects, Lun Lun and Tian Tian, during the flight than during the remainder of the 30-day period posttransport (p

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 15
Issue 1
Pages 1-20
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2012.624046
Language English
Author Address Zoo Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal diseases
  3. Animal rights
  4. Animals
  5. Animal welfare
  6. APEC countries
  7. Asia
  8. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  9. Biological resources
  10. China
  11. Cortisol
  12. Developed countries
  13. Developing countries
  14. Effect
  15. Endangered species
  16. Flight
  17. Hydrocortisone
  18. Laboratory and experimental animals
  19. Laboratory animal science
  20. North America
  21. OECD countries
  22. peer-reviewed
  23. Stress
  24. threatened species
  25. transportation
  26. United States of America
  27. urine
  28. Wild animals
  29. wildlife
  30. Zoo and captive wild animals
  1. peer-reviewed