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Long-term outcome of equestrian injuries in children

By R. Dekker, Ck, J. Kootstra, J. W. Groothoff, W. H. Eisma, H. J. ten Duis

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the possible development of long-term disabilities arising from paediatric equestrian injuries. METHOD: All patients, aged 17 years or younger, treated in a hospital setting because of an equestrian injury during a five-year period received a questionnaire. A reference population and healthy friends served as controls. RESULTS: Four years post-injury, 41 of the 100 respondents still experienced disabilities following the injury. The median Injury Severity Score was 4. Absenteeism from school lasted 2 weeks, and from horse riding, 4 months. Compared to the reference population, the results of the Child Health Questionnaire were poorer considering most of its subscales. In comparison with the friends, the patients only scored lower on 'physical functioning'. The risk factors concerning poor long-term outcomes were being an advanced rider, sustaining injuries other than fractures of the extremities or sustaining subsequent injuries following the riding accident. CONCLUSIONS: Although equestrian injuries in children are minor to moderate in their severity, these injuries are significant considering that a large proportion of patients experience long-term disabilities.

Publication Title Disability and Rehabilitation
Volume 26
Issue 2
Pages 91-96
ISBN/ISSN 0963-8288
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/09638280310001629688
Author Address Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Hospital Groningen, P.O. Box 30,001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
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Tags
  1. Academics
  2. Adolescents
  3. Analysis
  4. Children
  5. Child Welfare
  6. Chi-Square distribution
  7. Clinical aspects
  8. Comparisons
  9. Confidence
  10. data
  11. Diseases
  12. Females
  13. functionality
  14. Health status
  15. Horseback riding
  16. Humans
  17. Injuries
  18. International Classification of Diseases
  19. Males
  20. Mathematics and statistics
  21. Netherlands
  22. peer-reviewed
  23. Questionnaires
  24. ratios
  25. regression
  26. reliability
  27. tests
  28. trauma
  29. Wounds and injuries
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed