Support

Support Options

Report a problem

 
You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study / About

Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study

By A. I. Qureshi, M. Z. Memon, G. Vazquez, M. F. Suri

View Link (HTM)

Licensed under

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Background:
The presence of pets has been associated with reduction of stress and blood pressure and therefore may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Methods:
Relative risks (RR) of all deaths, death due to myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular diseases (MI or stroke), and stroke during a 20 year follow-up were determined by Cox proportional hazards analysis for categories of cat or dog ownership among participants after adjustment for potential confounding variables.
Results:
Previous or present use of cats as domestic pets was reported by 2435 (55%) of the 4435 participants. After adjustment for differences in age, gender, ethnicity/race, systolic blood pressure, cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, serum cholesterol, and body mass index, a significantly lower RR for death due to MI was observed in participants with past cat ownership (RR, 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.44 to 0.88) compared with those without cats as pet at any time. There was also a trend for decreased risk for death due to cardiovascular diseases among participants with past cat ownership (RR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.55 to 1.0).
Conclusions:
A decreased risk for death due to MI and all cardiovascular diseases (including stroke) was observed among persons with cats. Acquisition of cats as domestic pets may represent a novel strategy for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases in high-risk individuals.

Date 2009
Publication Title Journal of vascular and interventional neurology
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 132-135
ISBN/ISSN 1941-5893 (Print)1941-5893 (Linking)
Author Address Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Qureshi, A. I.; Memon, M. Z.; Vazquez, G.; Suri, M. F. (2018), "Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study," https://habricentral.org/resources/32801.

    BibTex | EndNote

Tags
  1. Cardiovascular diseases
  2. Cats
  3. Death
  4. Feline behavior
  5. Health care
  6. Mammals
  7. morality
  8. Nutrition
  9. Pet ownership