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Human-Wildlife Conflict Involving Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis) and Gelada Baboon (Theropithicus gelada) in and around Guassa Community Comservation Area, North Shoa, Ethiopia

By Andarge Engedasew

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Abstract

A study on human - wildlife conflict involving Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) and gelada baboon (Theropithicus gelada) in and around Guassa Community Conservation Area was conducted from September, 2009 to May, 2010. The objective of this study was to fill information gap on human wildlife conflict and attitude of local people towards wildlife in the country. Data on human wildlife interaction were collected based on the direct interview questionnaire, by direct observation on crop damage by gelada baboon, focus group discussion and by collection of faecal dropping sample of Ethiopian wolf and gelada baboon. The collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test and one way ANOVA. The analysed data showed that 44.4% of the respondents faced both the problems of crop damage and livestock predation, 10.8% faced crop damage, 36% faced predation and the rest 8.8% of the respondents didn't face any conflict by wildlife. The average annual crop loss due to gelada baboon per house hold was 0.63 ± 0.05 quintal. Villages differed significantly (F6 243 = 49.75, P < 0.001) in terms of annual crop loss by gelada baboon. There was severing conflict between gelada baboon and local people in Yegora, Defergie, Alfa and Tebab, but no conflict in Tarete, Ferkuta and Agancht. A total of 2652m2 crop farm was raided and trampled during the time of observation. Only 16.8% of the respondents reported the depredation of sheep by Ethiopian wolf. Villages not differed significantly (χ2 = 2.32, df = 6, P > 0.05) in the response of depredation of sheep by Ethiopian wolf. From the faecal dropping analysis, only 1.1% showed sheep prey. The average sheep loss per house hold in the last five years was 0.20 ± 0.03. 88.8%, 6.4% and 4.8% of the respondents had positive, negative and neutral attitude towards wildlife, respectively. 63.6% of the respondents had positive attitude whereas 28% had negative attitude towards gelada baboon. The attitudes of the respondents towards the gelada baboon was negatively correlated with crop damage (r = -0.31, P < 0.001). 88.4% of the respondents had positive attitude towards Ethiopian wolf. Villages not differed significantly (χ2 = 9.815, df = 12, P > 0.05) in their attitude towards Ethiopian wolf.

Submitter

Angel Tobey

Purdue University

Date 2010
Pages 100
Publisher AAU
Degree Master of Science in Biology
URL http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/4099
Language English
University Addis Ababa Universtiy
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Tags
  1. Animals in culture
  2. Animal welfare
  3. Baboons
  4. Conservation
  5. human-animal conflict
  6. Human-animal interactions
  7. Studies
  8. wildlife
  9. Wolves