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Animal-Assisted Therapy and Depression in Adult College Students

By Eileen B. Folse, Carolyn C. Minder, Melanie J. Aycock, Ronald T. Santana

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of animal-assisted therapy (A-AT) on self-reported depression in a college population. Forty-four participants were selected on the basis of scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). They then were assigned to one of three groups: A-AT in conjunction with psychotherapy (directive group), A-AT only (nondirective group), and control. Standardized regressed BDI posttest scores were used as dependent variables in one-way analysis of variance with treatment as the independent variable. Results revealed significant differences among groups, F(2,41)=3.69, p<.05. Duncan's Multiple Ranges Test indicated that standardized regressed BDI post-test scores differed significantly between nondirective (M=5.67) and control groups (M=10.18).

Date 1994
Publication Title Anthrozoos
Volume 7
Issue 3
Pages 188-194
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted therapies
  2. Depression
  3. Universities and Colleges