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Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

By Hai Phan Vu, H. Everts, Tien Dam Van, J. T. Schonewille, W. H. Hendriks

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Abstract

We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in Vietnam. Ten female goats were synchronized, inseminated and divided randomly into 2 equal groups. The experimental group was offered 50 g of sun dried C. odorata leave meal (COLM) along with a basal diet from day 45 to 135 of pregnancy while the control group was offered only the basal diet during this period. After weaning (3 mo), one kid from each goat dam in both groups was randomly selected and housed in individual cages. After a 9.5 h fast, each kid was offered 50 g of COLM daily at 8:30 am for 30 min for 4 weeks. Feeding activities were monitored with a video camera system. We determined mean COLM intake and indices of feed acceptance including latency to eat, number of visits without intake, meal frequency, eating bout length, eating time, intake rate, meal size and chewing time for each kid.

Intake of COLM by goat kids born to dams fed COLM was significantly higher over the 4 weeks compared to goat kids born to dams not fed COLM (11.32 ± 3.60 g vs. 6.09 ± 1.91 g, P < 0.028). This difference was more pronounced during weeks 3 and 4 than weeks 1 and 2. Goat kids from mothers fed COLM had a shorter latency to eat, a larger meal size and a longer chewing time than kids from mothers not fed COLM during pregnancy. We conclude that in utero transmission of feeding preference occurred from does to their offspring.

Date 2012
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 137
Issue 1
Pages 30-35
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Publisher Elsevier
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2012.01.010
Language English
Author Address Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue University, 102 Phung Hung St., Hue, Vietnam.p.vuhai@uu.nlhai.phanvu@huaf.edu.vn
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal husbandry
  3. Animal nutrition
  4. Animal production
  5. Animal reproduction
  6. Animals
  7. APEC countries
  8. ASEAN Countries
  9. Asia
  10. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  11. Bovidae
  12. Cages
  13. Capra
  14. Chewing
  15. Dams
  16. Developed countries
  17. Effect
  18. Farms
  19. Feeding
  20. Feeding behavior
  21. Feed intake
  22. Feed preferences
  23. Feeds
  24. Food intake
  25. Gestation
  26. Goats
  27. Humans
  28. Indochina
  29. Insemination
  30. Intake
  31. Kids
  32. Latency
  33. Livestock farming
  34. Mammals
  35. Meals
  36. Men
  37. mothers
  38. peer-reviewed
  39. pregnancy
  40. Primates
  41. progeny
  42. Ruminants
  43. transmission
  44. ungulates
  45. Viet Nam
  46. weaning
  47. young animals
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed