The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, close

You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk ( Buteo jamaicensis) / About

Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk ( Buteo jamaicensis)

By J. E. Mazor-Thomas, P. E. Mann, A. Z. Karas, F. Tseng

View Resource (HTM)

Licensed under

Category Journal Articles

Our ability to provide analgesia in wild and exotic patients is hampered by a lack of species-specific information on effective drugs and protocols. One contributing factor is the difficulty of applying data from traditional laboratory tests of nociception to clinical conditions frequently involving combinations of inflammatory, mechanical, and neuropathic pain. Pain-suppressed behaviors have become a valuable predictor of clinical utility in other species; in this study we extend this framework to red-tailed hawks in a wildlife hospital, in an attempt to develop a new, humane testing method for birds of prey. We scored six behaviors in hawks hospitalized either for orthopedic trauma or for non-painful conditions. These behaviors included: movement about the cage, grooming, head motions, foot shifts, beak clacks, and rouse. Movement, head motions, and beak clacks were all significantly reduced in hawks with recent orthopedic injury, but not in hawks with healed or minor injuries ( P

Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 152
Pages 83-91
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2013.12.011
Language English
Author Address Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Environmental and Population Health, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Adverse effects
  2. Agonistic behavior
  3. Analgesia
  4. Animal behavior
  5. Animals
  6. Birds
  7. Drugs
  8. Effect
  9. Follow-up studies
  10. Grooming
  11. Head
  12. Methodologies
  13. natural enemies
  14. opioids
  15. Orthopedics
  16. Pain
  17. peer-reviewed
  18. predators
  19. predictions
  20. prey
  21. Techniques
  22. tests
  23. trauma
  24. vertebrates
  25. Wild animals
  26. wildlife
  1. peer-reviewed