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Setting the One Health Agenda and the Human–Companion Animal Bond

By Gregg K Takashima, Michael J. Day

Category Journal Articles

“One Health”, also called “One Medicine”, began as an initiative advocating greater integration of human and animal medicine, in the 1800s. This concept has recently come to prominence, driven by the recognition that 75% of the newly emerging infectious diseases will arise from animal reservoirs, and that successful control and prevention will require a coordinated human medical and veterinary approach. Consequently, many One Health discussions have centered on the surveillance of animals in order to anticipate the potential emergence of new zoonotic diseases. An area that has been given only cursory mention, are the many ways that small companion animals benefit individual, community and possibly world health. The goal of this paper is to briefly review some of the evidenced-based data concerning the benefits of having companion animals in our lives, focusing on four major areas; cancer, heart disease, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and the potential positive economic effects of the human-companion animal bond on One Health. Heart disease and cancer are the two leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, while ASD is a growing concern, not only for its individual effects, but also for its effect on family units, educational institutions, and its social implications for the community. In addition, these diseases can greatly affect the national and global cost of healthcare, as well as the economic output of a nation. It is therefore important to include and build on the concept of the Human-Animal Bond (HAB) as it relates to healthcare in these areas.


Katie Carroll

Date 2014
Publication Title International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume 11
Issue 11
Pages 11110-11120
ISBN/ISSN 1660-4601
Publisher MDPI AG
Location of Publication Basel, Switzerland
DOI 10.3390/ijerph111111110
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal-assisted therapies
  2. Autism
  3. Cancer
  4. Dogs
  5. Health
  6. Heart disease
  7. Mammals
  8. One Health
  9. Pets and companion animals
  10. Public health