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Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing

By S. Jeppsson

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can within their breed of choice. However, it is true of most breeders that they could produce physically and mentally healthier dogs if they switched to a healthier breed. There are a few breeds that are healthier than other breeds as well as mutts; we could maximize wellbeing for the next generations by focusing all our breeding resources on those. However, in the long run such a strategy would severely deplete the canine gene pool. If we are to breed for wellbeing in the long run, we must thus weigh the benefits of selection against physical and mental problems against the benefits of genetic diversity. The optimal breeding strategy for canine wellbeing is to preserve many breeds, though not all of them. Furthermore, we ought to combine strict health programs with looser barriers between breeds. Such a policy conflicts with the goal of breed preservation, at least if we think of breeds as populations registered within kennel clubs rather than types of dogs, but not with the goal of producing good working dogs capable of performing various tasks.

Date 2013
Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 27
Issue 3
Pages 417-430
ISBN/ISSN 0893-4282
Publisher Springer
DOI 10.1007/s10806-013-9470-y
Language English
Author Address Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Box 7070, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.sofia.jeppsson@philosophy.su.se
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal genetics
  2. Animal roles
  3. Animals
  4. Breeding
  5. Canidae
  6. Canine
  7. Carnivores
  8. Conservation
  9. Dog Breeds
  10. Dogs
  11. Draft animals
  12. Genes
  13. Genetic diversity
  14. Genetic resources
  15. Genetics
  16. Kennels
  17. Mammals
  18. open access
  19. Pets and companion animals
  20. Selection
  21. vertebrates
  22. Working animals
Badges
  1. open access