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Effects of partnerships between people with mobility challenges and service dogs

By T. K. Crowe, S. Perea-Burns, J. S. Sedillo, I. C. Hendrix, M. Winkle, J. Deitz

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of partnerships between people with disabilities and service dogs on functional performance and social interaction.

METHOD. A single-subject, alternating treatment design was used. The participants were 3 women with mobility challenges who owned service dogs. For each participant, time and perceived amount of effort for two tasks were measured for functional performance. Interaction and satisfaction levels were measured for social interactions.

RESULTS. Primary findings were that service dog partnerships decreased performance time for four of the six tasks, decreased effort for five of the six tasks, increased social interactions for 2 of the participants, and increased levels of satisfaction with social interactions for all participants.

CONCLUSION. For adult women with mobility challenges, service dog partnerships may contribute to energy conservation through decreased time and effort required to complete some tasks and may increase social interactions.

Date 2014
Publication Title The American Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume 68
Issue 2
Pages 194-202
ISBN/ISSN 1943-7676 (Electronic)0272-9490 (Linking)
Publisher American Occupational Therapy Association
DOI 10.5014/ajot.2014.009324
URL https://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?articleid=1864925
Language English
Author Address Terry K. Crowe, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, Occupational Therapy Graduate Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico, 1 University of New Mexico MSCO9 5240-HSSB 125, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001; tcrowe@salud.unm.edu.Suzanne Perea-Burns, MOTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Encompass Home Health, Dallas, TX.Jessica Salazar Sedillo, MOTS, is Occupational Therapy Graduate Student, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.Ingrid C. Hendrix, MILS, AHIP, is Nursing Services Librarian, Health Sciences Library and Informatics Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.Melissa Winkle, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, Dogwood Therapy Services Inc., Albuquerque, New Mexico.Jean Deitz, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor Emeritus, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle.
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Adults
  2. Animals
  3. Disabilities
  4. Dogs
  5. Females
  6. Human-animal bond
  7. Humans
  8. Interpersonal relations
  9. Middle Aged Adults
  10. mobility impairments
  11. open access
  12. peer-reviewed
  13. Personal Satisfaction
Badges
  1. open access
  2. peer-reviewed