This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening systemic infections (dog bite septicaemia caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus and infective endocarditis caused by Coxiella burnetii, Brucella canis, Pasteurella multocida and Staphylococcus aureus), the zoonotic infections caused by bacteria (campylobacteriosis, salmonellosis, leptospirosis, brucellosis, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, Q fever, streptococcosis, uropathogenic Escherichia coli), intestinal parasites (cryptosporidiosis, isosporiasis, giardiasis, dirofilariasis, toxocariasis, cutaneous larva migrans, trichuriasis, echinococcosis, dipylidiasis) and fungi (dermatophytes), and the dermatoses induced by canine ectoparasites (canine scabies, cheyletiellosis and fleas) are described. Measures to minimize dog-associated illness and few practical tips for prevention are recommended.
|Author Address||Department of Medicine, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.|
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