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Neolithic Dairy Technology at the European-Anatolian frontier: implications of archaeozoological evidence from Ulucak Hoyuk, Izmir, Turkey, ca. 7000-5700 cal. BC

By C. Cakirlar

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Abstract

This paper discusses the archaeozoological evidence from Neolithic Ulucak Hoyuk (Izmir, ca. 7000-5700 cal. BC) in light of current debates on early dairy technologies. The paper aims to add new dimension to the current understanding of the role western Anatolia played in the evolution of early animal husbandry systems towards wider applications of dairy technologies. The evidence from Ulucak can potentially shed important new information on how these technologies were exchanged across the European-Anatolian frontier. To explore the appearance and evolution of milk use at Ulucak, the paper evaluates two main lines of archaeozoological data: mortality profiles - the most tangible archaeozoological evidence to detect the ways in which domestic animals were exploited (Payne 1973; Vigne and Helmer 2007), and diachronic changes in the contribution of cattle to subsistence economy, with reference to Evershed et al. (2008)'s proposal about a cattle-dairy link in northwestern Turkey. Results from Neolithic Ulucak are assessed in the context of relevant evidence from neighbouring sites in western Anatolia.

Publication Title Anthropozoologica
Volume 47
Issue 2
Pages 77-98
ISBN/ISSN 0761-3032
DOI 10.5252/az2012n2a6
Language English
Author Address Institute of Archaeology, University of Groningen - Groningen, Poststraat 6, NL-9712 ER Groningen, Netherlands.c.cakirlar@rug.nl
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Tags
  1. Animal husbandry
  2. Animals
  3. Archaeology
  4. Asia
  5. Bovidae
  6. Cattle
  7. Countries
  8. Dairy produce
  9. Developing countries
  10. Domestic animals
  11. Livestock
  12. Mammals
  13. Mediterranean region
  14. Milk and dairy products
  15. mortality
  16. OECD countries
  17. peer-reviewed
  18. Ruminants
  19. Turkey
  20. ungulates
  21. vertebrates
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed