The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit close

You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Stress levels in dogs, and its recognition by their handlers, during animal-assisted therapy in a prison / About

Stress levels in dogs, and its recognition by their handlers, during animal-assisted therapy in a prison

By N. Koda, G. Watanabe, Y. Miyaji, A. Ishida, C. Miyaji

View Resource (HTM)

Licensed under

Category Journal Articles

The stress on dogs and their handlers during animal-assisted therapy in a prison programme was evaluated using questionnaires and measurement of the dogs' saliva cortisol concentrations before and after the sessions. Their handlers were volunteers who underwent training classes with their pet dogs. Overall, the dogs did not show serious signs of stress in the programme, which was also the impression of their handlers. In most cases, the dogs' saliva cortisol values decreased following their participation in the sessions. There was an association between the dogs' stress levels and the handlers' self-reported stress. In 11% of cases, the dogs were evaluated as stressed during the session, but their saliva cortisol values did not change significantly from before to after the session. Some handlers might have misconstrued their dogs' behavioural states. Improvement of the dogs' welfare may be achievable through giving feedback to the handlers to more accurately evaluate their dogs' behaviours, by strengthening the selection of appropriate units and classes prior the programme, by developing a programme and handling methods less burdensome to the animals, and by enhancing the aftercare of animals when they are stressed in a session. Achievement of these goals would also strengthen the bonds between dogs and handlers, contributing to a more effective programme for clients.

Publication Title Animal Welfare
Volume 24
Issue 2
Pages 203-209
ISBN/ISSN 0962-7286
DOI 10.7120/09627286.24.2.203
Language English
Author Address School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animals
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Anthrozoology
  5. Canidae
  6. Canine
  7. Carnivores
  8. Dogs
  9. Evaluation
  10. Feedback
  11. Handling
  12. Hydrocortisone
  13. Improvement
  14. Mammals
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. Questionnaires
  17. saliva
  18. Stress
  19. therapy
  20. training
  21. vertebrates
  1. peer-reviewed