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Interactions between visitors and Formosan macaques ( Macaca cyclopis ) at Shou-Shan Nature Park, Taiwan

By M. J. Hsu, ChienChing Kao, G. Agoramoorthy

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Ecotourism involving feeding wildlife has raised public attention and is a controversial issue, especially concerning nonhuman primates. Between July 2002 and April 2005, the behavior of monkeys and tourists was collected through scan samplings, focal samplings and behavior samplings at the Shou-Shan Nature Park located in Taiwan's second largest city - Kaohsiung. In addition, the number of tourists and monkeys was counted in different hours and places within the park. Four hundred visitors were interviewed using a questionnaire to gather data on sex, age, purpose and frequency of visit to the park. The number of tourists was significantly higher during weekends than in weekdays in all locations. Humans dominated in the initiation of interspecies interactions - the overall ratio of human-initiated and monkey-initiated interactions was 2.44:1. Human-monkey conflicts accounted for only 16.4% of the total interactions (n=2,166), and adult human males and adult male macaques participated in higher rates than other age/sex groups in these conflicts. Visitors showed more affiliative behavior (15.9

Date 2009
Publication Title American Journal of Primatology
Volume 71
Issue 3
Pages 214-222
ISBN/ISSN 0275-2565
DOI 10.1002/ajp.20638
Language English
Author Address Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal rights
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Asia
  5. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  6. Biological resources
  7. Conservation
  8. Developed countries
  9. Guests
  10. Macaques
  11. Mammals
  12. Monkeys
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. Primates
  15. Taiwan
  16. Tourism and travel
  17. visitors
  18. wildlife management
  1. peer-reviewed