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Challenges of Managing Animals in Disasters in the U.S.

By Sebastian Heath, Robert D. Linnabary

Category Journal Articles

Common to many of the repeated issues surrounding animals in disasters in the U.S. is a pre-existing weak animal health infrastructure that is under constant pressure resulting from pet overpopulation. Unless this root cause is addressed, communities remain vulnerable to similar issues with animals they and others have faced in past disasters. In the US the plight of animals in disasters is frequently viewed primarily as a response issue and frequently handled by groups that are not integrated with the affected community’s emergency management. In contrast, animals, their owners, and communities would greatly benefit from integrating animal issues into an overall emergency management strategy for the community. There is no other factor contributing as much to human evacuation failure in disasters that is under the control of emergency management when a threat is imminent as pet ownership. Emergency managers can take advantage of the bond people have with their animals to instill appropriate behavior amongst pet owners in disasters.


Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Publication Title Animals
Volume 5
Issue 2
Pages 173-192
Publisher MDPI
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Sebastian Heath; Robert D. Linnabary (2015), "Challenges of Managing Animals in Disasters in the U.S.,"

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  1. Animal roles
  2. Animal welfare
  3. disaster preparedness
  4. emergency management
  5. open access
  6. peer-reviewed
  7. Pets and companion animals
  8. Policy and Planning
  9. recovery
  1. open access
  2. peer-reviewed