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Trajectories of Positive and Negative Behavior during Participation in Equine Facilitated Learning Program for Horse-Novice Youth

By Patricia Pendry, Stephanie Roeter, Annelise Smith, Sue Jacobson, Phyllis Erdman

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Abstract

To explore the efficacy of equine programming to support positive behavioral development of horse-novice youth, researchers examined trajectories of behavioral change of 5-8th grade students as they participate in an equine facilitated learning program. Behaviors were rated and analyzed to examine group trajectories of change. Results indicated significant increases and decreases in mean levels of participants' positive and negative behaviors respectively (M[subscript pos] = 17.13, p = 0.000; M[subscript neg] = 4.76 ; p = 0.005). Additionally, researchers describe how program principles can be incorporated into 4-H curricula, expanding positive youth development opportunities for horse-novice and horse-experienced youth.

Publication Title Journal of Extension
Volume 51
Issue 1
Publisher Journal of Extension
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Tags
  1. Behavioral disorders
  2. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  3. Counseling
  4. Elementary Education
  5. Horses
  6. Middle Schools
  7. peer-reviewed
  8. Program Evaluations
  9. ratings
  10. students
  11. therapy
  12. Washington
  13. youth
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed