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Defining pacing quantitatively: a comparison of gait characteristics between pacing and non-repetitive locomotion in zoo-housed polar bears

By I. T. Cless, H. A. Voss-Hoynes, R. E. Ritzmann, K. E. Lukas

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Abstract

Pacing is a commonly investigated behavior in zoo animals, however, little data have been published to support a precise definition of pacing. High speed video of pacing behavior in 11 zoo-housed polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) was compared with goal-oriented locomotion in the same bears. Specifically, step cycle duration and head height ratio were measured, as was the variability of these two dimensions. The median step cycle duration while pacing was found to be 17.0% (26.7%) shorter than step cycle duration while locomoting ( P

Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 169
Pages 78-85
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2015.04.002
Language English
Author Address Conservation and Science, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, 3900 Wildlife Way, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA.itc3@case.edu
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Tags
  1. Abnormal behavior
  2. Animal behavior
  3. Body mass
  4. Gait
  5. Head
  6. Height
  7. Locomotion
  8. peer-reviewed
  9. variation
  10. Zoo and captive wild animals
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  1. peer-reviewed