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Katz and Dogs: Canine Sniff Inspections and the Fourth Amendment

By H. Paul Honsinger

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The canine nose, used by school officials and law enforcement officers to detect the presence of contraband on persons or in closed containers such as suitcases, lockers, and cars is becoming an increasingly frequent intruder in the lives of Americans.' Judicial analysis of whether this practice constitutes a search within the meaning of the fourth amendment' has important implications for search and seizure law, particularly if the reasoning of these cases is extended to other information-gathering techniques which technology has given and will soon give to law enforcement agencies. Moreover, a recent United States Supreme Court decision on the subject' further highlights its importance. This note examines the question of whether canine sniff inspections are searches under the fourth amendment through critical examination of the federal appellate and Supreme Court jurisprudence on the subject and then by argument that canine sniff inspections should be within the ambit of the fourth amendment.


Katie Carroll

Date 1984
Publication Title Louisiana Law Review
Volume 44
Publisher Louisiana State University
URL http://digitalcommons.law.lsu.edu/lalrev/vol44/iss4/8/
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal-assisted activities
  2. Animal roles
  3. Detection
  4. Dogs
  5. Inspection
  6. Law and legal issues
  7. Law Enforcement
  8. Laws and regulations
  9. Mammals
  10. Working animals