THE literature on the transmission of plague by fleas was reviewed in 1905 in the first series of Reports on Plague Investigation in India (Journal of Hygiene, Vol. VI. p. 422), and it is only necessary to epitomise briefly the main facts here. The conclusion, that this insect plays an important role in the spread of plague, was arrived at on epidemiological grounds by Ogata (1897), Simond (1898), Ashburton Thompson (1903), and Liston (1905). Simond also made a few experiments, which strongly indicated that infection from rat to rat could be brought about by the agency of fleas. Gauthier and Raybaud (1902 and 1903), and Verjbitzki (1904) by more extensive, more varied and better controlled experiments, confirmed Sitnond's observations, and proved clearly the possibility of transmission by this agency.
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