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Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland

By R. C. Roy, M. S. Cockram, I. R. Dohoo, S. Ragnarsson

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Abstract

There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together and then placed in separate pens overnight in the lairage. This acted as a weaning procedure for the foals. Between one and eleven horses per load (59 adults and 129 foals) were observed during loading and at the slaughter plant, blood was sampled at slaughter and carcases were observed. No wounds were observed before transport, but 1.6% of horses had small, superficial bleeding wounds after transport. The respiration rate was greater after, compared to before, transport. Blood lactate concentration measured after lairage and slaughter was greater than normal in both adults and foals, 13% of adults and 20% of foals had a blood glucose concentration lower than normal, and 58% of adults and 25% of foals had a plasma total protein concentration greater than normal. Forty-four percent of adults and 17% of foals were bruised. There were no pre-existing conditions affecting the fitness of the horses for transportation. The effects of transport on the physiological responses and the severity of bruising were relatively minor. However, the results suggested that the handling, transport and lairage of the horses resulted in injury and signs of exertion or stress that were not compatible with optimal management practices. The mild dehydration in adults might have been associated with restricted access to drinking water during lairage of lactating mares. Controlled studies are required to identify the specific practices used in Iceland that result in injury and dehydration.

Publication Title Animal Welfare
Volume 24
Issue 4
Pages 485-495
ISBN/ISSN 0962-7286
Language English
Author Address Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, PE, C1A 4P3, Canada.mcockram@upei.ca
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Tags
  1. acids
  2. Animals
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Blood
  5. Blood sugar
  6. Carcasses
  7. Dehydration
  8. Developed countries
  9. Drinking
  10. Effect
  11. Europe
  12. Fitness
  13. Foals
  14. Handling
  15. Horses
  16. Iceland
  17. Mammals
  18. OECD countries
  19. peer-reviewed
  20. pens
  21. Research
  22. Respiration
  23. Scandinavia
  24. slaughter
  25. Techniques
  26. transportation
  27. trauma
  28. ungulates
  29. vertebrates
  30. weaning
  31. Wounds and injuries
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed