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Is genetically modified food unnatural?

By H. Siipi

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This paper argues for the following four claims: (a) the terms "natural" and "unnatural" are ambiguous. (b) Genetically modified food is unnatural in some senses of the term "unnatural". (c) Natural food should be favored over unnatural food in some senses of the terms "natural" and "unnatural". (d) Genetically modified food is not necessarily unnatural in a sense that would offer a good reason for favoring food that is not genetically modified. The claims are defended by distinguishing four different senses of the terms "natural" and "unnatural". Each sense is analyzed with respect to its moral relevance for food choice.

Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 28
Issue 5
Pages 807-816
ISBN/ISSN 0893-4282
DOI 10.1007/s10806-015-9568-5
Language English
Author Address Department of Behavioural Sciences and Philosophy, Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Turku, 20014 Turku,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Biotechnology
  2. Ethics
  3. Foods
  4. Genetically engineered foods
  5. morality
  6. opinions
  7. peer-reviewed
  1. peer-reviewed