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Companion animals in Thailand: human factors that predict sterilization of cats and dogs

By S. R. Toukhsati, C. J. C. Phillips, A. L. Podberscek, G. J. Coleman

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The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n=494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions (CHAI) telephone survey. The results showed 74% of respondents had a cat and/or a dog (60% dogs, 23% cats); 22% of dogs and 19% of cats were sterilized. Logistic Regression analyses revealed positive attitudes toward desexing, and the perception that important others would endorse this practice best predicted sterilization practices. For caregivers with unsterilized companions, Hierarchical Multiple Regression analyses revealed perceived capability to sterilize, positive attitudes toward desexing, and perceived normative pressure to sterilize accounted for 35% and 45% of the variance in intentions to sterilize dogs and cats, respectively. Culturally sensitive initiatives targeting negative attitudes, enhancing normative pressure, and increasing perceived personal agency to sterilize may improve sterilization rates in Thailand.

Publication Title Society & Animals
Volume 23
Issue 6
Pages 569-593
ISBN/ISSN 1063-1119
Publisher Brill
DOI 10.1163/15685306-12341381
Language English
Author Address Monash University, Animal Welfare Science Centre, Clayton,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animals
  2. Animal welfare
  3. APEC countries
  4. ASEAN Countries
  5. Asia
  6. Canidae
  7. Canine
  8. Carnivores
  9. Cats
  10. Demography
  11. Developing countries
  12. Dogs
  13. Humans
  14. Mammals
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. Pets and companion animals
  17. psychosocial issues
  18. Regression Analysis
  19. sterilization
  20. Thailand
  21. vertebrates
  1. peer-reviewed