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Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America

By E. Garde, G. Acosta-Jamett, B. M. Bronsvoort

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In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large populations of FRDs in Latin America predisposes communities to a host of public health problems that are all potentially exacerbated following disasters due to social and environmental disturbances. There are hundreds of recognized canine zoonoses but a paucity of recommendations for the mitigation of the risk of emergence following disasters. Although some of the symptoms of diseases most commonly reported in human populations following disasters resemble a host of canine zoonoses, there is little mention in key public health documents of FRDs posing any significant risk. We highlight five neglected canine zoonoses of importance in Latin America, and offer recommendations for pre- and post-disaster preparedness and planning to assist in mitigation of the transmission of canine zoonoses arising from FRDs following disasters.

Publication Title Animals
Volume 3
Issue 3
Pages 855-865
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
DOI 10.3390/ani3030855
Language English
Author Address Division of Pathway Medicine, School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH16 4SB,
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animals
  2. APEC countries
  3. Canidae
  4. Canine
  5. Carnivores
  6. Developed countries
  7. Disaster
  8. Diseases
  9. Dogs
  10. Environment
  11. Latin America
  12. Mammals
  13. OECD countries
  14. peer-reviewed
  15. predisposition
  16. risk
  17. sociology
  18. Symptoms
  19. United States of America
  20. vertebrates
  21. Zoonoses
  1. peer-reviewed