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Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

By B. Padalino, E. Hall, S. Raidal, P. Celi, P. Knight, L. Jeffcott, G. Muscatello

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Abstract

Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study analysed reports of transport related health problems identified by drivers and horse owners for 180 journeys of an Australian horse transport company transporting horses between Perth and Sydney (~4000 km) in 2013-2015. Records showed that 97.2% (1604/1650) of the horses arrived at their destination with no clinical signs of disease or injury. Based on the veterinary reports of the affected horses; the most common issues were respiratory problems (27%); gastrointestinal problems (27%); pyrexia (19%); traumatic injuries (15%); and death (12%). Journey duration and season had a significant effect on the distribution of transport related issues (p

Publication Title Animals
Volume 5
Issue 4
Pages 1296-1310
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
DOI 10.3390/ani5040412
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/5/4/412
Language English
Author Address The Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, 425 Werombi Road, Camden 2570, NSW, Australia.evelyn.hall@sydney.edu.au leo.jeffcott@sydney.edu.au gary.muscatello@sydney.edu.au sraidal@csu.edu.au pietro.celi@dsm.com peter.knight@sydney.edu.au barbara.padalino@sydney.edu.au
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Age
  2. Animal health and hygiene
  3. Animals
  4. Animal transport
  5. Animal welfare
  6. APEC countries
  7. Australasia
  8. Australia
  9. Commonwealth of Nations
  10. Countries
  11. Developed countries
  12. Etiology
  13. Fever
  14. Foals
  15. Gastrointestinal system
  16. Horses
  17. Livestock transporters
  18. Mammals
  19. mortality
  20. Oceania
  21. OECD countries
  22. open access
  23. peer-reviewed
  24. racehorses
  25. regulations
  26. respiratory diseases
  27. risk factors
  28. Seasonal variations
  29. seasons
  30. sex differences
  31. spring
  32. transportation
  33. trauma
  34. ungulates
  35. vertebrates
Badges
  1. open access
  2. peer-reviewed