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Jump horse safety: reconciling public debate and Australian thoroughbred jump racing data, 2012-2014

By K. Ruse, A. Davison, K. Bridle

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Abstract

Thoroughbred jump racing sits in the spotlight of contemporary welfare and ethical debates about horse racing. In Australia, jump racing comprises hurdle and steeplechase races and has ceased in all but two states, Victoria and South Australia. This paper documents the size, geography, composition, and dynamics of Australian jump racing for the 2012, 2013, and 2014 seasons with a focus on debate about risks to horses. We found that the majority of Australian jump racing is regional, based in Victoria, and involves a small group of experienced trainers and jockeys. Australian jump horses are on average 6.4 years of age. The jump career of the majority of horses involves participating in three or less hurdle races and over one season. Almost one quarter of Australian jump horses race only once. There were ten horse fatalities in races over the study period, with an overall fatality rate of 5.1 fatalities per 1000 horses starting in a jump race (0.51%). There was significant disparity between the fatality rate for hurdles, 0.75 fatalities per 1000 starts (0.075%) and steeplechases, 14 fatalities per 1000 starts (1.4%). Safety initiatives introduced by regulators in 2010 appear to have significantly decreased risks to horses in hurdles but have had little or no effect in steeplechases. Our discussion considers these data in light of public controversy, political debate, and industry regulation related to jump horse safety.

Publication Title Animals
Volume 5
Issue 4
Pages 1072-1091
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
DOI 10.3390/ani5040399
Language English
Author Address School of Land and Food, Discipline of Geography and Spatial Sciences, University of Tasmania, PB 78, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia.Aidan.Davison@utas.edu.au Kerry.Bridle@utas.edu.au Karen.Ruse@utas.edu.au
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. Animal welfare
  3. APEC countries
  4. Attitudes
  5. Australasia
  6. Australia
  7. Commonwealth of Nations
  8. Countries
  9. Developed countries
  10. Ethics
  11. Horses
  12. Mammals
  13. mortality
  14. Oceania
  15. OECD countries
  16. peer-reviewed
  17. safety
  18. show jumping
  19. ungulates
  20. vertebrates
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  1. peer-reviewed