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Zoonotic poxviruses associated with companion animals

By D. M. Tack, M. G. Reynolds

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Abstract

Understanding the zoonotic risk posed by poxviruses in companion animals is important for protecting both human and animal health. The outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, as well as current reports of cowpox in Europe, point to the fact that companion animals are increasingly serving as sources of poxvirus transmission to people. In addition, the trend among hobbyists to keep livestock (such as goats) in urban and semi-urban areas has contributed to increased parapoxvirus exposures among people not traditionally considered at high risk. Despite the historic notoriety of poxviruses and the diseases they cause, poxvirus infections are often missed. Delays in diagnosing poxvirus-associated infections in companion animals can lead to inadvertent human exposures. Delays in confirming human infections can result in inappropriate treatment or prolonged recovery. Early recognition of poxvirus-associated infections and application of appropriate preventive measures can reduce the spread of virus between companion animals and their owners. This review will discuss the epidemiology and clinical features associated with the zoonotic poxvirus infections most commonly associated with companion animals.

Publication Title Animals
Volume 1
Issue 4
Pages 377-395
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
DOI 10.3390/ani1040377
Language English
Author Address Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.dot7@cdc.gov nzr6@cdc.gov
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. APEC countries
  3. Developed countries
  4. Diseases
  5. DNA
  6. DNA virus infections
  7. Europe
  8. Humans
  9. Mammals
  10. Men
  11. North America
  12. OECD countries
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. Pets and companion animals
  15. Primates
  16. United States of America
  17. vertebrates
  18. Virus diseases
  19. Zoonoses
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed