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A Quantitative Analysis of Kalandars and Captive Bears in Pakistan

By Thomas P. Rooney, Kendra C. Millam

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In 2013, the Bioresource Research Centre (Islamabad, Pakistan) conducted a comprehensive census of the remaining dancing and bear-baiting bears in Pakistan. This involved locating and counting the actual involved bears and bear keepers (kalandars), collecting detailed socio-economic data from the bear-keepers, and identifying attitudes and key drivers behind this livelihood. This report summarizes the findings from the census, reveals relationships in the data that are not immediately apparent, and identifies potential leverage points for ongoing campaign efforts.


Katie Carroll

Date July 2014
Publisher Wright State University Libraries
Language English
Institution Wright State University
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Animal roles
  2. Animal welfare
  3. Bait
  4. Bears
  5. Mammals
  6. Pakistan
  7. Zoo and captive wild animals