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Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials, Kamioka et al, Complementary Therapies in Medicine (2014) 22:371-390

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Summary:   The objectives of this review were to summarize the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of animal-assisted therapy (AAT). Studies were eligible if they were RCTs. Studies included one treatment group in which AAT was applied. We searched the following databases from 1990 up to October 31, 2012: MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Ichushi Web, GHL, WPRIM, and PsycINFO. We also searched all Cochrane Database up to October 31, 2012. Eleven RCTs were identified, and seven studies were about ‘‘Mental and behavioral disorders’’. Types of animal intervention were dog, cat, dolphin, bird, cow, rabbit, ferret, and guinea pig. The RCTs conducted have been of relatively low quality. We could not perform meta-analysis because of heterogeneity.

In a study environment limited to the people who like animals, AAT may be an effective treatment for mental and behavioral disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, and alcohol/drug addictions, and is based on a holistic approach through interaction with animals in nature.

Submitter

Michael Fallon

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Date 2014
Publication Title Effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Volume 22
Pages 371-390
Publisher Elsevier Health
URL www.elsevierhealth.com/journals/ctim
Language English
Author Address h1kamio@nodai.ac.jp; Faculty of Regional Environment Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Japan
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted therapies
  2. Animal roles
  3. Mammals
  4. randomized trials
  5. Reviews